1. Myopia (Nearsightedness)

  • Description: Myopia is a refractive error where close objects appear clear, but distant objects are blurry. It often develops during childhood and may progress over time.

2. Hyperopia (Farsightedness)

  • Description: Hyperopia is a refractive error causing distant objects to be seen more clearly than close objects. It can cause eyestrain and discomfort, especially during close-up tasks.

3. Astigmatism

  • Description: Astigmatism is a refractive error characterized by an uneven curvature of the cornea or lens, resulting in distorted or blurred vision at any distance.

4. Presbyopia

  • Description: Presbyopia is an age-related condition where the eye’s natural lens loses flexibility, making it challenging to focus on close-up objects. It typically affects individuals over 40.

5. Dry Eye Syndrome

  • Description: Dry eye syndrome occurs when the eyes don’t produce enough tears or the tears evaporate too quickly. Symptoms include dryness, itching, burning, and a gritty feeling.

6. Cataracts

  • Description: Cataracts are a clouding of the eye’s natural lens, leading to blurred vision. It is often age-related but can also result from injury or medical conditions.

7. Glaucoma

  • Description: Glaucoma is a group of eye conditions that damage the optic nerve, leading to gradual vision loss. Increased intraocular pressure is a common risk factor.

8. Macular Degeneration

  • Description: Macular degeneration is a progressive condition affecting the macula, leading to central vision loss. It is often age-related and can impact daily activities.

9. Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye)

  • Description: Conjunctivitis is the inflammation of the conjunctiva, resulting in red or pink eyes. It can be caused by infections, allergies, or irritants.

10. Retinal Detachment

  • Description: Retinal detachment occurs when the retina separates from its underlying layers, causing sudden vision loss. It is a medical emergency requiring immediate attention.

11. Strabismus (Crossed Eyes)

  • Description: Strabismus is a misalignment of the eyes, where one or both eyes may turn inward, outward, upward, or downward. It can affect depth perception.

12. Amblyopia (Lazy Eye)

  • Description: Amblyopia is reduced vision in one eye due to abnormal visual development in childhood. It often occurs when one eye is weaker than the other.

13. Keratoconus

  • Description: Keratoconus is a progressive condition where the cornea thins and bulges, leading to distorted vision. It often begins in the teenage years or early 20s.

14. Uveitis

  • Description: Uveitis is the inflammation of the uvea, the middle layer of the eye. It can cause eye redness, pain, and vision changes.

15. Ptosis (Drooping Eyelid)

  • Description: Ptosis is the drooping of the upper eyelid, which can obstruct vision. It may be congenital or acquired due to aging or other factors.